Aadhaar: a unique ID number for all

Mouvement de main

The Aadhaar program assigns a unique 12-digit identification number, called Aadhaar number, to all residents of India, based on the secure registration of their biometric data: fingerprints, iris and facial recognition. Aadhaar enables all residents to access their fundamental right of being recognized by the Indian government, giving them access to numerous services: social benefits, medical care, opening a bank account, etc. Aadhaar means "Foundation" in Hindi.
Morpho is one of the major contributors to this program.

Multibiometric census

In 2009, the Government of India, through the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), launched the most ambitious biometric identity program in the world: Aadhaar, which means "Foundation" in Hindi.

The Aadhaar registration process started on September 29th, 2010 in Nandurbar, Maharashtra. Based on voluntary application, the first crore (=10M) of Indian residents was registered by June 2011 in 270 days. The second crore was registered in 35 days and the third one in 24 days. Today the program reached a spectacular peak rate of 10 million Aadhaar numbers issued every 10 days.

Like any census program, Aadhaar collects four demographic information fields: name, address, gender and date of birth (or age). This information is also compared with biometric data to ensure the uniqueness of each number issued and avoid redundancy or fraud in registration.

Optional information fields, such as mobile number and email, are available to access additional e-Aadhaar services, updates or OTP authentication.

3 biometric data are collected.

10 fingerprints,

2 irises

and a face photograph.

Aadhaar is the world's largest identity program of the planet. Started in September 2010, the program reached 1 billion Aadhaar numbers created last April 1st, 2016.

Unprecedented computing power

Biometric data collected is sent to the UIDAI's central database where data is first deduplicated to make sure it is unique and there are no 2 enrollments for the same resident.

In concrete terms, it means the personal data of each resident is compared against the data already recorded in the system.

With a cruising speed of up to 1 million Aadhaar numbers issued per day, this is the greatest performance ever in terms of biometric registration and authentication. Today, 3 biometric engines, run in parallel.

Once the Aadhaar number is issued, a card with his 12-digit identification number is given to the resident. Whenever he needs this number for a service, his identity will be authenticated by a biometric sensor.


Aadhaar ID numbers generated
(January 2017)

residents to be enrolled by end of 2017

17 %
of the global population

Aadhaar: endless possibilities for #DigitalIndia

The World Bank has estimated that Aadhaar is saving approximately USD 1 billion (Rs 650 crores) a year by reducing fraud and improved efficiency for the Indian government. It is supporting fiscal budgeting, and providing other useful services. A unique digital identity means no false, ghost or duplicate records for Indian residents.

The Aadhaar program reached 1 billion numbers issued early April. At the same time, more than 250 million bank accounts were linked to Aadhaar, enabling many of the poor to access services, and making it feasible for the government to deliver welfare services easily.

Jeune homme finissant son enrolement Aadhaar
of adults

have Aadhaar
(as of November 2016)

Digital technologies promote inclusion, efficiency and innovation. The Aadhaar identity platform is being leveraged as the "Foundation" for the Indian Government's newly announced #DigitalIndia initiative.

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